LAUNCH HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT
[UHR Projects philosophy] [The Eco-Friendly educationnal project] [EFEP: Situation analysis] [TV program - 'Mission Justice'] [Mission in Earth - The News Magazine]
Assessing the limiting and contributing factors in the development of self-employment we found, Poverty is common mostly among the following categories of people in the rural areas:
* People having no assets or less assets.
* People having less managerial ability and skill.
* People having less capacity to bear risks.
The main types of unemployment found in rural India are:
a. Agricultural unemployment.
b. Seasonal unemployment.
c. Educated unemployment.
Causes of unemployment:
* Lack of diversification in the activities.
* Inadeq uate vocational training and guidance.
* Personal factors.
* Age factors.
* Illness and / or physical disabilities.
* Technological and economic factors.
* Increase in population.
The solving factors realized to tackle the unemployment problem are:
* Agriculture and allied sectors still offer good avenues for self-employment in rural areas.
* Motivation, training and post training guidance play an important role in helping villagers to do something of their own without getting external financial assistance.
* Motivation through training and guidance create the enabling environment in the villages for self-employment without which the financial assistance can do nothing.
* Confidence can be created in the minds of villagers by establishing rapport enhancing their risk bearing capacity. Exposure to technical skill is an important factor in this regard.
* Interface among the scientist, experts and policy makers involved in developing ideas, technologies for the production and productivity and villagers who are actually involved in translating those ideas into reality and who apply those technologies in actual field situations may go a long way in changing the existing scenario.
* It is convenient and easy to organize rural poor around certain selected economic activities. Their capacity can be built, interest sustained and cohesiveness maintained along with the development of the economic activity they have taken up.
Analyzing the local and environmental resources and Ecological factors in relation to human resource development we are preparing to establish the central project of the Eco-friendly Education System in Assam, the gateway of Northeast India, which is naturally richest but economically poorest part of the country.
Here is an initial idea of the key Economic Activities to be selected for self-employment oriented training programs in Assam.
These are the economic activities that are totally based on locally available resources having good scope for self-employment in the state.
* Composite Farming.
* Area based Horticulture and Floriculture.
* Mushroom Cultivation.
* Animal Husbandry - Scientific Management of Poultry, Piggery and Dairy.
* Food Processing and Preservation.
* Small Tea Garden.
* Diversification of Jute Products.
* Pisciculture Development.
* Cottage Industries - Honey Production, Cane and Bamboo Handicrafts.
* Handloom Designing.
* Computer Education.
Area based Horticulture and Floriculture:
a. Source of livelihood.
b. Source of food supply.
c. Contribution to state income.
d. Higher productivity valuation.
e. Commercial importance.
f. Setting the movement of general price level.
g. Role of horticulture in economic planning.
Our educational project will impart training programs on organic agricultural practice, integrated farming system, area based horticulture activities to educate the rural youth to take up self-employment through these activities and demonstrate how small plots of land belonging to small and marginal farmer can be used productively.
Dairy has a definite future in this region, as it is suitable for all sections of people and has no religious rigidity. It will create grate opportunity for unemployed youth for the upliftment of their economic status. The major advantage of dairy farming is that daily income can be achieved through selling milk, which is very much important for economically weaker sections.
A Broiler Hatchery Project for providing chicks at cheaper rate and training programs to transfer scientific and managerial skill to rural people in animal husbandry sector will help the poor people to take up poultry farming for their economic wellbeing.
Food processing and preservation:
Locally processing and preserving fruits in the form of pickles, jam, sauces, juices, etc. will not only save the wastage, but the poor people will also earn a lot. Unemployed youth can take up food processing and preservation on commercial line for their self-employment.
Our educational project will include a food processing and preservation unit organizing courses on it.
Floriculture with bee keeping:
Floriculture was never taken as something that can generate income in Assam. UHR must take up this as a viable economic activity wherein transfer of technology is seriously considered.
Training and research will help to orient the weavers in finding a wider market.
UHR will organize courses on Pisciculture. A fishery unit in the project will allow the students to learn the developed ways of fish farming.
Small Tea Garden:
We need to set an example in the project providing technical knowledge and skill to rural youth so that they can manage tea gardens in a profitable way in small plots.
UHR has designed a prospectus outlining the basic principles, project illustrations, photographs of successful related components, technical data and information etc. of its proposed Eco-friendly educational project for presentation to potential supporters.
Given proper implementation, the proposed project of UHR will prove immensely beneficial in so far as the global community is concerned.